Ebadi quit in protest and wrote books and articles on human rights, particularly on the rights of children and women, for Iranian journals. After many years of struggle, in 1992, Ebadi won her lawyer’s license and opened her own practice. She is known for taking cases at the national level, defending liberal and dissident figures.
In 2000 she was arrested and imprisoned for “disturbing public opinion” and was given a suspended jail sentence and barred from practicing law (the restriction was later removed). She campaigns for strengthening the legal rights of women and children, advocating a progressive version of Islam.
Her legal defense in controversial cases, pro-reform stance, and outspoken opinions have caused the conservative clerics in Iran to oppose her openly. In 2003 Ebadi was the first Muslim woman and Iranian recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts to promote democracy and human rights both domestically and abroad.
She teaches law at Tehran University, writes books and articles, and runs her own private legal practice. Her books include The Rights of the Child (1993), Tradition and Modernity (1995), The Rights of Women (2002), and Iran Awakening: A Memoir of Revolution and Hope (2006).